John Dewey and the Crisis of Twentieth Century Liberalism
The twentieth century saw the rise and fall of authoritarian forms of State communism in many parts of the world. It also witnessed the end of laissez faire liberalism.
For western democracies in Europe and the U.S, the most tumultuous period of history was assuredly the one between the two World Wars. War, along with the Great Depression helped foster general doubt about the peaceful future of pluralist societies. Liberal intellectuals were hard pressed to come up with solutions to the social and economic problems of modern capitalism. As Marx predicted in The Communist Manifesto as well as in the pages of Capital, the bourgeoisie was creating economic forces that it could no longer master.
Pour lire la suite, consulter le document joint.